Two researches, one taken from the internet and another from a journal publication entitled “Mobile Computing: Past, Present and Future” by Vasilis Koudounas and Omar Iqbal and “The Impact of Mobile Computing on Individuals, Organizations, and Society – Synthesis of Existing Literature and Directions for Future Research” by Nikolaus Fischer and Stefan Smolnik, both deal with the impact of mobile computing on society.
The two articles are analysed based on the following criteria:
- Clarity of the research problem
- Sufficient literature review
- Systematic research method
- Ethical issues
- Appropriate data collection and analysis
- Evidence of findings
The internet article “Mobile Computing: Past, Present and Future” mentioned in its introduction that it is giving an “overview of existing cellular networks;”a detailed description of the CDPD technology; and “applications of Mobile Computing in the real world.”
With regards to the aspect of related studies or literature, this article does not contain a specific section for this; although it has listed a number of reference materials at the end of the article. Moreover, the article directly plunged into the description of the effect of mobile computing but the method of research is not clearly specified; however, there is an appendix that links to some interviews made with certain key individuals from cellular companies, etc.
Furthermore, the data appears to have not violated any confidential personal information or individuals; thus, it is considered ethical. In addition, based on the presentation of the information as an overview, it is assumed that data gathering is made mainly on library and web research and taken from existing published information. This is one of the means of gathering information; thus, data collection in this case is considered appropriate.
Finally, the information is supported by illustrations taken from published materials; which to some extent makes the article informative and reliable but not really highly authentic.
The second article taken from a journal of the 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences entitled “The Impact of Mobile Computing on Individuals, Organizations, and Society – Synthesis of Existing Literature and Directions for Future Research” appears to be well-structured and systematic.
The research problem is clearly stated through the use of research questions namely: RQ1. What is the status quo of research on theindividual, organizational, and societal impacts ofmobile, ubiquitous, and pervasive computing use?andRQ2. Which areas of mobile, ubiquitous, andpervasive computing use remain under-explored? The manner of acquiring answers to these two research questions has been clearly discussed in the article:
To answer these two research questions, weconduct a systematic literature review that follows the concept-driven approach put forth by Webster and Watson . We reviewed 30 highly-ranked journals and conference proceedings published since 2000 to identify and systematically classify existingresearch according to the use contexts that the studies analyze.
In addition, it has a theoretical background section. Also, the literature review is clear and comprehensive based on recommendations from other scholars:
In developing our review, we follow the recommendations of Webster and Watson  andTranfield, Denyer, and Smart  with regard to conducting structured literature reviews. By incorporating their recommendations, the analysis aims to be transparent, impartial, and balanced.
The article even discussed distinctly the manner in which the research study is conducted such as: selection of appropriate academic outlets; identification of relevant papers; and classification of articles and developmentof sub-categories. The method is complete with illustrations.
The study is considered ethical because it is objective and supported by facts that do not attack any individual or entity nor does it violate any confidential issues regarding people and groups. Moreover, the data collection and analysis are appropriate and systematic following the standards of standard research. In addition, there appears to be enough evidence to support the validity of the research claims.
Of these two articles, it is obvious that the journal article has more bearing and is more reliable than the internet article. The manner in which the data is presented is more systematic and complete in the journal than in the internet. Thus, for a researcher, journal articles especially the peer reviewed ones should be given more consideration as a reference material because they are more reliable, conclusive and systematic.
Fischer, N. & Smolnik, S. 2013. The Impact of Mobile Computing on Individuals,
Organizations, and Society – Synthesis of Existing Literature and Directions for Future Research.PDF 013 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS)DOI Bookmark:http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/HICSS.2013.522
Koudounas, V. & Iqbal, O. Mobile Computing: Past, Present And Future. Retrieved from:http://www.doc.ic.ac.uk/~nd/surprise_96/journal/vol4/vk5/report.html